Motor Skills Development
What is it?
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Why is it important?
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The Parachute Toss
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Strengthening Children's Fine Motor Skills
Fine motor skills involve coordination and control of the wrists, fingers and hands in carrying out a specific task with precision. In general, control of the muscles progresses outwards from the centre of the body to the more distant body parts. Hence, it is recommended to build up their hand muscles first, followed by their finger muscles and then their control of tools. When children have well-developed fine motor skills, they will be more independent in carrying out daily activities, self-help tasks and will be able to write and draw with ease and confidence.
Give children opportunities to develop their hand muscles by carrying out tasks such as crushing and tearing paper.
Kneading dough can provide opportunities for the children to practise using their hands and fingers to mould the dough into various shapes that they desire.
Stacking building blocks helps children to develop their hand muscles and hand-eye coordination.
Help children exercise higher precision in their hand-eye coordination by threading items such as beads.
Buttoning activities help children to synchronise the use of both hands while practising hand-eye coordination.
After gaining confidence using their hands and fingers, give children opportunities to use tools such as tweezers to transfer manipulatives from one container to another.
Children can further develop their finger dexterity by using recycled screw-top bottles.
Engage children in activities that require the use of scissors to build up their precision and control as they cut a variety of materials such as thick straws and paper plates.
Provide opportunities for children to practise proper gripping as they use tools such as crayons, colour pencils or chalk.